We start on probability. Students should have learned some basic concepts before about simple probability, the concept of a sample space with events consisting of some outcomes. In this chapter ,we study probabilities with multiple stages.

When a random experiment involves two stages, we can use a rectangular grid, called a probability diagram, to represent the sample space to help us find probabilities.

If a random experiment has two or more stages, we can use a tree diagram to represent the process, which should help us see all the possible outcomes and figure out the outcomes associated with a particular event.

We then talk about mutually exclusive events. In a sample space, two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot occur at the same time. If A and B are two mutually exclusive events, the the probability of A or B occurring is: P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B).

Homework:

Print these pages: Page 1, Page 2

Workbook Page 11, #1 – #5, #21.